Top 10 Smartphone Features your phone must have

Recently, the influx of mobile phones - especially smartphones - into the consumer market has been alarming. Smartphones of various designs, sizes, and performance are being developed and released into the consumer market to increase patronage and equally meet up with users’ demands.

The competition from manufacturers such as Tecno, Infinix, Nokia, Samsung, Apple, and Lenovo has even exceeded elastic limit. Each company wants to stay above the others. This has resulted in these companies manufacturing several versions and classes of phones within a short period.

Some might say this favours consumers as market prices are expected to drop in agreement with the Laws of Demand and Supply. That is far from the actual. The prices keep inflating with each new smartphone.   Each of these phones is manufactured with features that beat the previous, thus, influencing the market price – an increase in price rather than a drop.

top smartphone features

 A stop at a phone shop will throw you into a dilemma by the number of seemingly competitive phones you would see on the racks. With this number, a casual customer will find it difficult to order for the right phone.

That is, the smartphone that will accomplish the targets he or she wants. Making it more difficult is also the existence of inferior brands of phones on the market. These phones look similar in terms of colour, size, design, and hardware. To the contrary, their performances are way behind.

This, therefore, demands careful and accurate assessment of the phone you want to purchase.

However, with no vast knowledge on the features of smartphones, how do you go about that? When you hear terms like megapixel, Gigabyte RAM, Quad-core processor, Gigabyte ROM, HD Screens and many others, do you know what they mean and which is better? These and many others are the features you must look out for to decide the phone that suits you.

Therefore, I’m going to show these features and how you can check them by yourself to avoid the watery lips of marketers and vendors whose major goal is to get the money out of your pocket into theirs.

Going for the right kind of phone will always begin with research, whether minimal or extensive. For this purpose, let's get starting with the research-knowledge.

Research your prospective product

Sometimes when the word research is mentioned to us, we think of an intensive academic activity that project writers and only those in the academic field should be concerned with. If that is your opinion, then it should be restructured.

By research, I mean sourcing for relevant information, just like you are doing now. It is advisable that before you visit a phone shop, you should at least have background information about the product you want to purchase.

There are several means for obtaining relevant information about your prospective product. I have provided two reliable means that will help you to research for the right information about the product you intend to purchase.

  •       Asking friends and colleagues who have used the product before to determine its suitability and expected performance. This will provide you with the definite and reliable information you need. This is due to the experience they have had over the years of using the product. Therefore, consider asking from two or more friends before you delve into the market to order for your smartphone.
  •       The internet. There are millions of blogs on the internet where you can read about your target product. Phone review blogs, like the one you are on now, will be the most important online resource. Also, the product review sections provided by online vendors and shops allow you to view the specifications, description, and performance of the product.

    As a prospective buyer, you should consider the following smartphone features when ordering for one.

    1.            Storage Capacity

    Every smartphone comes with an internal memory used by the processor for processing information and data. This internal memory is called the Random Access Memory, denoted as RAM. Data stored by this memory is only available to the processor. You cannot store your files and other documents in it.

    The RAM size is one of the important factors that determine the processing speed of your mobile device. That is, the larger the RAM size, the faster the speed of operation and vice versa, though the overall operation speed of a smartphone relies on other factors such as the type of processor, Operating System and Hardware Components.

    RAM size is measured in bytes, just like every other storage device. But, the higher units such as megabyte and gigabyte are the commonly used units. So, most times you will see that the RAM size of your phone is 512MB to denote five-one-two megabytes, 1GB to denote one gigabyte, etc. Gigabyte is larger in units than megabyte – 1GB makes up 1024MB. With this, you can determine the amount of information that the RAM can hold for a particular processing requirement by the processor.

    2.            Processor

    Phone processor

    Indeed this core component is often overlooked by customers probably because not many of them know what the processor does. Every mobile phone, no matter the class, grade, or fashion comes with a processor.

    The processor is the component that controls and manages the operations of other components. When you give the device an instruction via input devices like a touchpad, the processor interprets this instruction and designate to the appropriate execution point.

    Font instance, if you intend to take a selfie by first tapping the camera, the processor has to understand what you’ve tapped so that the right application, in this case, the camera app, can be launched. The instructions you give to the processor are temporarily held by both the RAM and registers.

    Also, the processor type will determine how fast instructions are processed. The speed of a processor is measured in Hertz denoted by Hz. This speed determines the amount of information that can be processed within a particular time. In addition to speed, the type of processor matters.

    Popular processor types include MediaTek, Qualcomm, Nvidia, Apple, Samsung, Renesas Mobile, Broadcom, Intel, and AMD.

    In addition, some processors are graded according to the number of cores they possess. So, it possible to hear terms like dual-core, quad-core, octa-core, and so on. In the latest technology, phone manufacturers have preferred the octa-core technology which allows processors to divide operations among the cores for speedy processing.

    If you want to read more on what the different cores mean, click here to view Max Parker’s article on processor cores.

    3.            Camera

    Whether you are a lover of pictures or not, it is always advisable to keep great memories of your experiences and occasions for future reference. One way of doing that is by taking photographs or videos.

    Gone are the days when you would require the services of a photographer or videographer to keep such memories. Mobile phones have brought up a new revolution. With cameras, both rear and front, you can capture your fantastic moments on the go and share with friends, but the quality of the pictures and videos you capture is dependent on the camera installed on your device.

    The strength of a phone's camera is measured by the number of pixels it can capture at a particular time. Latest technologies have given rise to the development of high quality and higher definition photos. To check how good the camera of the smartphone you intend to buy is, check for inscriptions like this:

                    8MP, 5MP, 13MP, etc.

    The MP at the end of each of these numbers denotes Mega Pixel, which is the unit to measure the quality of images that can be taken by the camera. The higher the number, the better the quality of photographs that will be captured and vice versa.

    If you, therefore, need a phone to aid your social life, in terms of pictures and videos, go for those with higher pixels.

    4.            Battery Capacity

    Phone Battery

    In fact, this component of a smartphone is important to consider. If you have ever been frustrated by the constant need to charge your phone and inability to receive or respond to calls because of power shortage, then you have gotten it all.

    The capacity of a phone's battery will determine and contribute to the satisfaction you will derive from using the phone.  Phone batteries come in different sizes, types, designs, and quality. While some are removable, others at not.

    A Few are solar rechargeable, while many others are recharged by electrical power. While many people believe larger batteries deliver better performance, the truth is the size of a battery has nothing to do with its capacity.

    What determines the performance of a battery is the components of that battery. Li-ion batteries have taken the lead in this industry, but innovations have given rise to even better performance. While several companies have improved on this aspect, some have rather lacked behind.

    I often hear the complaints of Blackberry users on the poor performance of their batteries. Pardon me if you’re a diehard fan of Blackberry. I'm just trying to say the reality because I have used blackberry phones before. So, I know what it is like to use them.

    Well, it is important to consider this power aspect. The rating of a battery is usually measured in milliampere-hour, denoted as mAh. Just like most of the units, the higher the value, the better the performance. A battery of 4600mAh will deliver more talk and heavy usage time than one that is rated 1500mAh.

    The performance is also dependent on other factors such as the type of Operating System, type of phone, and the applications installed on the phone. Even with all these, it's advisable to manage the battery of your phone to boost its performance and increase longevity.

    See Top 5 Gionee Phones with Battery over 3000 mAh.

    5.            User Interface/Operating System

    The OS of a mobile phone is the glue that binds users and the phone’s components together. It provides a functional platform for you to interact with the resources of your gadget. Without this OS, your phone will just remain dumb and useless. 
    In developing operating systems, manufacturers have often considered ease of use. Hence, buttons, checkboxes, and other UX interfaces are technically designed to meet expectations.

    OS are often reviewed and upgraded to fix bugs, with the latest version is often the best in terms of security, beauty, presentation, and UX.  Several mobile Operating Systems exists and are used on phones. Apple iOS, Mozilla, ChromeOS, and Android have competed strongly, but Android OS developed and maintained by Google has taken the front row. Its open platform has commanded a number of followers and contributors to the overall design and performance of the Operating System.

    6.            ROM Size

    The Read Only Memory, called ROM, is the memory that stores your files, like applications, videos, pictures, music, etc. Unlike the RAM that stores instructions for the processor(s), ROM has nothing to do with the speed of your device. It basically stores what you save on the phone.

    Some phones will require external memory to store your documents, should the internal memory not be enough. However, there are phones with large internal memory (ROM) to store all documents and files. Just like RAM, ROM is measured in bytes usually with gigabyte.

    The need to store large documents and files has resulted in phone manufacturers producing phones with an internal memory of up to 128GB. Other common sizes include 64GB, 32GB, 16GB and 8GB.

    Sometimes, the storage capcity of some phones is barely enough to meet the user's need. Hence the need to understand how to manage storage of Android phones and other devices.

    7.            Security

    In as much as confidential information exist; there will always be those that want illegal access to it. Security leakages can go as high as touching the financial details of phone users. For instance, your banking card details, passwords to websites, pins and personal information can be leaked if security is not given priority.

    Though the development of a particular mobile phone does not guarantee complete security, some can give you a better percentage. This will make you feel safe and secure.

    Recently, improvements have been made on security features included on smartphones to ensure that the three layers of security needs are properly tackled. Features such as fingerprint sensors, pattern lock, phone tracking and tracing, device and data protection, application management, and phone recovery options are being added to newly manufactured smartphones.

    The above features will ensure that malicious individuals and even applications you have on your phone do not stealthily transfer your confidential information.

    Therefore, always check for the security features particular phone offers before placing your orders for it. It is advisable to stay safe at all times. You never can tell when an attacker might want to violate security ethics to cause you harm.

    Even though most phone users don’t consider security a top requirement, it is even the top feature every phone user should be looking out for, except you want to compromise confidentiality.

    8.            Network

    There have been several network types and recently the G-types have emerged as the major network type for smartphones. These networks are built to enhance the speed of communication between devices.

    This is well felt when using your device for internet usage. Though the type of cellular network provider contributes to the speed of communication, generally network types determine how fast communication will occur between devices. From CDMA to 4G and above, one major difference is the speed. The G denotes generation. So, you can see a phone with GSM, 2G, 3G and the likes.

    One demerit of phones with higher/faster network designs is the rate of power consumption. But this could be less significant if the power capacity, OS and other power management features are in place. The truth is that nobody wants a phone with a bad network.

    9.            Connectivity

    The concept of mobility is to ensure connectivity at all times. It is for this purpose, smartphones are manufactured with several features for creating connections with other devices. Back in the early days, infrared was provided as a major feature for connectivity.

    Then, infrared was a great technological advancement, but it was slow. You would need several minutes to transfer or receive a file of 10MB. All of that has changed recently. With Bluetooth, USB connection, WiFi, and GPS, you can join or create connections to share data and files with friends.

    While Bluetooth, WiFi and GPS provide wireless connections, USB (Universal Serial Bus) provides PAN (Personal Area Network) connection between two devices, mostly a mobile phone and a computer.

    Wi-Fi allows you to share both data and files. The latter is achieved via applications such as Flash Share, Xender, etc.

    10.          Display

    Though some people do not care about the display of a phone, it has become interesting to discover that the display of mobile phones has a percentage of patronage these days. Display encompasses screen size, resolution, phone dimensions, colour scheme, and appearance.

    Both screen size and resolution are measured in inches and pixels respectively, while the dimension is measured in millimetre (mm). If you have the desire for phones with wider and larger display, go for one with larger screen size and resolution, otherwise, go for the opposite.

    It is worth mentioning that phones with larger screens and resolutions improve visibility and readability.

    Colour scheme and appearance add aesthetic appeal to the device. Designs can be flat with curved edges and support a hand-grasp. This will enable a user to operate the phone with one hand adding to convenience and portability

    Final Words!

    Don’t just jump to a phone shop without being informed. Research extensively from several sources. This might seem less important, but purchasing an expensive phone that does not meet your expectations could mean a lot.

    Another thing is that you need to cut your coat according to your cloth. You might not have enough money to purchase your dream phone, but you can research on a close substitute that can accomplish most of the tasks, if not all.  Don’t allow marketers to make fool of you by telling you all sort of features that are unimportant.

    By now, I want to assume that you are well informed given the fact that you have taken the time to read the above. Now, it’s time to explore and purchase that your dream phone.

    Never forget to get others involved by sharing what you have learnt or discovered that is worth sharing!


    1. I wish more authors of this type of content would take the time you did to research and write so well. I am very impressed with your vision and insight.

      1. I'm glad you find this piece quite informative. Of course, research is what we need to deliver quality and satisfying contents.

        Thumbs up!

    2. Very useful post. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially its discussion. Really its great article. Keep it up.